Divergent thinking in Italian elementary school children: the key role of probabilistic reasoning style

It is now online the final published version of the Article 

“Divergent thinking in Italian elementary school children: the key role of probabilistic reasoning style”

 by Marco Giancola, Massimiliano Palmiero, Alessia Bocchi, Laura Piccardi, Raffaella Nori and Simonetta D’Amico, published in Cognitive Processing.

Divergent thinking is widely recognised as an individual creative potential and an essential factor in fostering creativity since the early stages of life. Albeit previous research revealed that creativity could be pursued through controlled mental processes

(e.g. reasoning), the debate about the impact of children’s reasoning on divergent thinking and, ultimately, creativity is still open. Authors sought to deepen the relationships between probabilistic reasoning and divergent thinking in a sample of 106 Italian children. Results revealed that analytical, slow, and effortful forms of thought underpinned by high probabilistic competencies predict children’s divergent production. These findings suggest that a higher score for divergence of thinking depends on a high involvement of reasoning style, which in this study relies on the ability to make probabilistic decisions in ambiguous situations.